Tag - CDM

BIM and CDM15

The Future Of CDM And BIM

What Is BIM?

BIM or Building Information Modelling is the name given to a process of creating a detailed digital model of a build asset. From design through to construction and even hand over, a detailed collaborative model of a building can be created and accessed by anyone involved with the design, construction and maintenance of the project.

Think of a building information model in terms of a 3D digital model that not only gives a detailed visual of the building but also contains dimensions, materials used, service and maintenance instructions, material life spans, load bearings, safe working information and more.

Why Do We Need BIM?

Over 2 million people work in the UK construction industry, a figure that represents around 7% of the national workforce. Despite this, the construction industry accounts for around 25% of fatalities in the workplace and a statistically higher number of occupational diseases than any other industry. It’s thought that effective BIM implementation can help reduce these figures.

In addition, if BIM is implemented effectively during the design stages then it will enable CDM duty holders to identify risks in advance and therefore reduce costs considerably. After all, accidents and last minute changes are expensive.

The Future Of CDM And BIM

Identifying risk is the key element of CDM15. If the design stage can utilise digital modelling then many more risks can be identified. From clash detections on electrical cable and pipe runs to the movement of raw materials across the site during the different construction phases.

As BIM software becomes more developed, it’s entirely possible that the entire construction process can be run in virtual reality to detect any conflict with access platforms, cranes, and other construction equipment and processes. A timeline can then be decided to deliver maximum value, minimum construction time and fewer H&S risks.

BIM systems can aid Architects by automatically checking against current health and safety legislation on such things as where safety glass is needed, what the minimum headroom on a stairwell is and so on.

Building Information Modelling isn’t new. In fact as early as 2011, the UK Government published it’s Construction Strategy, the prime aim of which was to reduce the cost of public sector assets by 20%, one of the means of achieving this was to enable all the supply chain to collaborate in a 3D BIM on all government-funded projects by 2016.

The construction division of the HSE is committed to researching how BIM can improve health and safety across projects of all sizes. In addition, the BSI has published a specification (PAS 1192-6:2018)for collaborative sharing and use of structured Health & Safety information using BIM.

How Important is BIM?

You may, depending on your age, remember people asking the same question about word processors, computers, and the internet. BIM is in its early stages in the UK but is being used extensively around the world. Standards are still being designed and the coming months and years will see industry standard single BIM systems that are capable of delivering slick digital records to the client at the end of a project.

CAD drawings, PDFs and multiple digital files will be as outdated as floppy disks in a just a few years.

Building Information Modelling is here to stay, but unlike other technologies, if implemented correctly it will reward the construction industry with fewer health and safety incidents, higher profits and lower costs.

CDM services Birmingam

Safer Sphere appointed on Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham

Safer Sphere is delighted to have been appointed as CDM Client Advisor and Principal Designer Advisor on a new hospital project at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham.
The project which kicks off this month will see work carried out to the lifts, floors and external works. Safer Sphere has delivered CDM support to various hospital projects in the past couple of years including Manchester, Worcester, Calderdale, Leighton and more recently our new appointment at King Edward VII Hospital in London.

Contractor duties- CDM15

Contractors and the Construction Design and Management regulations 2015

Management of Health and Safety on Construction projects is governed by the content of The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (CDM15). CDM15 applies to all construction work, and this includes

  • building,
  • demolition,
  • extensions,
  • repair and maintenance.

While a Principal Contractor may be in the driver’s seat during the Construction Phase of a project, they may not have the resources to complete the construction, contracting out the development to other specialist contractors. The actual work of building and maintaining a structure will usually be aided by the Contractor.

Contractors come in many forms from sole traders to large businesses. A Contractor is anyone who controls and manages the work that construction workers do.

What is a Contractors Duty under CDM15?

Where a Contractor is engaged in a construction contract, his immediate duty is to plan, manage and monitor any work that is carried out without risk to health and safety. This is a phrase that is echoed through CDM15 from the responsibilities of the Client to those of the Worker. The Contractor has a duty, on projects with more than one contractor, to coordinate the work they do with other members of the construction team. Any instructions given by the Principal Designer or Principal Contractor should be considered promptly. On occasions where the Contractor is the only one on the project, it will be the responsibility of that sole Contractors to prepare the Construction Phase Plan.

What are the Contractor’s requirements under CDM15?

The role of a Contractor will depend on the number of other contractors on a project at any one time. If the project has more than one contractor involved, the Contractor must coordinate their work with the other Contractors involved. If they are acting as the only Contractor on site, then they must prepare a Construction Phase Plan and make sure that no unauthorised entry can be made. In some cases, Contractors may also have a design role in a project.

Managing the Work

Managing work as a Contractor will mean delivering the clients brief. During the pre-construction phase, information will be collated by the Principal Designer. This details will be provided to the Contractor along with other information that is put together as part of the Construction Phase Plan by the Principal Contractor. All this design and construction information will be used by the Contractor to plan the work, for example where there are overhead obstructions or any areas where digging is forbidden.

Competency of Workers

Workers who represent the Contractor should be competent in that they have the correct level of skills, knowledge, training and experience to carry out the role. Supervision and a point of contact should be provided by the Contractor to all workers in case of any work issues. There should be an adequate number of supervisors on site at any time that reflects the number of workers and the task they are doing. The Supervisor is an integral part of any construction and CDM15 as it is this role that transmits information between workers and the Principal Contractor or Principal Designer. The supervisor should have experience in the type of work being planned, and the degree to which the team need to be supervised will be dependent on the skills and knowledge of the team.

Tools and Equipment

It is the Contractors responsibility to provide workers with adequate plant, tools and equipment, including hand and power tools that are free from damage and suitable for the task at hand. Any materials used should be safe, maintained and disposed of safely. Any latent harm should be identified and the correct precautions taken. While recognised as the last line of defence in the hierarchy of control, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) should be provided that fits the user thus providing the correct level of protection. This may also include eye protection, respiratory protection and gloves while on task if identified during a risk assessment.

Information and Instruction

The Contractor should pass on relevant information and instructions to all workers. This information should be provided in sufficient time to allow all workers enough time to carry out the work. Using the Supervisor to brief workers or where tasks are considered high risk, a written ‘Safe System of Work’ should be used, with the planned method of construction or installation. The work carried out will need to be coordinated with other Contractors and the Principal Contractor. Where a Contractor intends to sub-contract part of the work, they should inform the Principal Contractor immediately. How information is exchanged between other Contractors, including the Principal Contractor, should be agreed before work begins to allow all parties to manage health and safety while on site and beyond.

Appointing Workers and Sub-contractors

All workers should have the necessary skills, knowledge, training and experience to complete a task or project safely, without risk to their health or the health and safety of others. This will include ensuring that the workforce is trained to an acceptable level for the work they do. As always, supervision is an essential means of monitoring the work and ensuring that the workers are following clear instructions.

Additional information, instruction, training and supervision will be needed to support those who are still developing their experience in order to become self-sufficient in construction practices.

When employing a sub-contractor or another trade to carry out part of the work, the competency and capabilities of the workers to be used must be established. References for the type of work to be carried out should be requested by the Principal Contractor, checking qualifications and training records. There are also Accreditation schemes that Contractors can use to be more accessible to Principal Contractors and Clients as part of a Pre-qualification Questionnaire. Sub-contract workers should be given all the relevant information they need to carry out the task safely; the workers should be briefed by the Contractor before any work starts, this should include ensuring that all access and egress including working platforms and scaffolds are as specified and fit for purpose. Sub-contractors should have their work monitored, and any shortcomings remedied.

Co-operating with Duty Holders

As stated previously, Contractors play a key role in communicating with Principal Contractors and other workers and contractors on site. All work carried out by a Contractor on site could affect the health and safety of not only workers but of parties such as members of the general public. To ensure health and safety apply to all, it will require proper coordination of the work; this can only succeed if a good communication flow is achieved and everyone involved in the project co-operates to reach a collective objective.

What Additional Duties Does A Contractor Have Under CDM Regulations?

How Contractors can consult with Employees

There must be a collaboration between the Contractor as an employer and the workers that are on task to get individuals to work safely.

Involving workers in the decision-making process with regards to health and safety tends to lead to practical solutions.

Practical solutions:

  • Speak to workers about their experience and knowledge about a task or job.
  • Increase the potential commitment and buy-in from workers to any Health and Safety topics.
  • Are more easily fostered by the workforce,

 

When experienced workers are consulted on matters of health and safety, it will be easier to:

  • Spot workplace hazards
  • Implement realistic controls
  • Avoid controls being seen as a burden or barrier to completing a task.

 

Consultation is a proven means of managing Health and Safety on construction projects.

 

Consultation is about employers giving information to workers that is part of the Construction Phase Plan. It also requires the Contractor as an employer to listen to workers and consider their experience in the field. Any previous issues that workers may have come up against in previous jobs may have had a solution that has not been considered on this project.

 

Consultation with the workforce should cover:

 

  • The hazards associated with their own work
  • The hazards associated with the work of others on the project
  • Environmental risks that modern construction techniques may harbour,
  • The way these risks are managed
  • How information and training can be used to protect relevant workers from specific risks.

Preparing the Construction Phase Plan

Preparing the Construction Phase Plan is the responsibility of the Principal Contractor and should be made up of the following:

  • Description of how health and safety will be managed during construction and will contain information that is relevant to all Contractors working on the project.
  • Should be available to anyone who wants to see it and therefore the information contained in it should be clear and easily understood with all superfluous information removed.
  • Should consider issues such as logistics, working at height, hazardous substances, demolition and groundworks.
  • Should be developed before any site is set up or work begins.

While it is the duty of the Principal Contractor to develop the Construction Phase Plan, it is the responsibility of the Client to ensure that the Construction Phase Plan is in place before the work begins.

Providing Welfare Facilities

Welfare includes the provision of toilets, both lit and ventilated and suitable for both sexes. With more and more female staff working on Construction sites, male and female bathrooms are thankfully becoming more common, but are open to abuse if not managed correctly.

Washing facilities with hot and cold water, soap or skin detergent with a means of drying hands should be close to the toilet facility. Separately, but just as important are rest facilities which should be a room with tables and chairs provided and with drinking water and cups as a bare minimum.

Where workers will need to change clothes or dry their workwear, a separate changing/drying room with lockers should be provided. It should be noted that while the lockers should be provided by the Principal Contractor, it is commonly the responsibility of the Contractor to supply their own key and lock.

The supply of Welfare Facilities is part of CDM15. Where one Contractor is charged with a Construction Project, the Welfare Facilities should be suitable and sufficient for the size of the project and should be available from when construction starts until the end of the project.

Where more than one contractor is working on a project, it is the Principal Contractor who is ultimately responsible for ensuring that welfare facilities are provided. It is the Clients responsibility to ensure that suitable arrangements are made for workers by the Principal Contractor.

Providing a Site Induction

Suitable site inductions should be provided by the Principal Contractor, this may be in groups or given to individuals as they start work. Where there is only one Contractor on site, Site Inductions are still a necessary part of the Construction Phase and should cover all the health and safety risks associated with the site. While each Site Induction will differ from project to project, typical topics that should be covered are:

  1. The Commitment to Health and Safety by the Contractor
  2. Basic details of the project and the anticipated outcome
  3. What is the management structure on the site – who are the relevant contacts within the organisation
  4. What are the site-specific health and safety risks (overhead electricity, trees on site, watercourses nearly, railways )
  5. How will health and safety on site be controlled via site rule, how will pedestrians and vehicles be segregated, what is the minimum PPE standard, how will deliveries to site be managed, how will temporary electricity be provided, how will hazardous substances be stored)
  6. What are the procedures for accidents and who is responsible for first aid
  7. How are accidents on site recorded and how will RIDDOR events be reported to HSE
  8. When and what will be the subjects of training, toolbox task and task briefings.
  9. How will the workforce be consulted with
  10. What is each individual’s responsibility for health and safety while on site

There is a requirement under CDM for Contractors to consult and co-operate with other duty holders, such as the Principal Designer, Principal Contractor, other Contractors, designers and suppliers of goods, labour and materials. It is not the responsibility of one element of the Project supply chain to ensure that health and safety on construction sites are realised it is only when all parties work together that the requirements of the CDM Regulations be realised. Contractors are in a position where they will be pulling lots of elements together to give the Client a structure that shows attention to detail and will be safe to use beyond the construction phase.

Have a question?

If you would like to speak to us about any of our CDM services, then our team would be happy to help.

Safer Sphere continues to grow after 5 years in Construction Health and Safety

North West based Construction (Design and Management) Regulation 2015 (CDM 2015) Advisors, Safer Sphere celebrate their 5th year in Construction Health Safety this December. The CDM Health and Safety experts have gone from strength to strength over the past few years, not only doubling their client base but have also doubled in size too. The business has hired 4 new team members to add to their existing team in the past year, with more hires planned in the New Year.

Although CDM support is niche, all construction projects must adhere to CDM 2015 regulations and it is this requirement that has seen a high demand for the Safer Sphere team.  Since the company started in 2012 they have been involved with numerous high profile projects and more recently, have been appointed on projects such as Media City’s Alchemist, Noma Angel Meadows, Timber Wharf and Advisors to cardboard Manufacturer, Prowell, on their new mega-plant in Ellesmere Port.

Mike Forsyth, Managing Director, Safer Sphere said “Safer Sphere delivers a niche service to assist the construction industry and CDM duty holders enabling them to effectively discharge their duties applied to them by the CDM Regulations, and related health & safety legislation. Our year on year growth is in part down to the changes from CDM 2007 to CDM 2015. These new regulations, brought in by the HSE on the 6th April 2015, apply to the whole construction process and projects from concept to completion. These regulations must be adhered to by law but can also be very complex and we have been able to support and educate our clients so that they meet their legal obligations. Our team are not just Health and Safety experts but are experts in their field, as we have experienced Architects, Surveyors and Civil Engineers all under one roof. The Safer Sphere team has doubled in size and I am pleased to see the business grow as the demand for our services increases.

We continue to support clients and projects of all sizes in the industry and we are finding that our clients are coming back to us, which is credit to the expertise of our team.”

Safer Sphere operates nationwide from their office in the North West. Mike Forsyth will be sharing his expertise on the subject at the up-and-coming National Housing Maintenance Forum conference in January.

Costa Coffee

Safer Sphere appointed on Costa Coffee fit-out at the Lowry Outlet

Safer Sphere has been appointed as CDM Client Advisor and Principal Designer Advisor on the new fit-out of the Costa Coffee store in the Lowry Outlet. The work will involve a full strip-out of 2 units followed by a refurbishment and new shop front.